In 1817, the Eastbourne Guardians established a workhouse on Church Street in rented premises that had been built as a barracks during the Napoleonic war. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 17 in number, representing its 14 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one): County of Sussex: Alfriston, Eastbourne (3), East Dean, West Dean, Folkington, Friston, Jevington, Littlington [Litlington], Lullington, Pevensey, Seaford (2), Westham, Willingdon, Wilmington.
Seaford's parish workhouse was located on Blatchington Road on the site of the medieaval leper hospital of St John's. Later Additions: Alciston (from 1898), Berwick (from 1898), Hampden Park (1911-12), Norway (1894-99), Selmeston (from 1898).
Only fragments of the towers and curtain walls remain.
We're not precisely sure, as many of them were hastily erected defences - just an earthen mound with a wooden palisade on top - discarded when they were no longer needed. I knew that some Norman castles, like Alnwick, Warwick or the Tower of London had been rebuilt and extended over the centuries.
Archaeologists imagine, though, that the Normans built about 500 motte and bailey castles in the first 20 years of William the Conqueror's reign. I knew that others, like Warkworth or Kenilworth still stood as beautiful ruins.
But as we travel the country exploring, or I find new books, I'll add in what I learn.
Alnwick Castle: founded in 1096 by Yves de Vescy, home of the Percy Dukes of Northumberland since 1309, 2nd largest inhabited castle in England. Appleby Castle: founded in 1100 by Ranulf le Meschin, later owned by the de Clifford family.
Bywell Castle: an 11th century Norman castle probably built by Guy de Ballliol around 1090, later strengthened by the Neville family Return to the alphabet index of Norman Castles Cainhoe Castle: Late 11th or early 12th century motte and bailey castle with three baileys!